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Abhayadatta
Glossary

The author of "The Lives of the 84 Mahasiddhas." Three translations of this text are:Masters of Mahamudra, Buddhist Masters of Enchantment and Buddha's Lions, The Lives of The Eighty - Four Siddhas
Abhibhayatana
Abhibhayatana

Glossary

abhibhayatana (Skt.). The 'eight masteries', or eight fields of the mastery or control of perception. These are meditational exercises described in the *Pali Canon similar to those using coloured objects (*kasina) but in this case based on features or areas of one's own body as the focus of concentration in order to transcend the Desire Realm (*kama-dhatu). The eight masteries are:
Afflicted Consciousness
Afflicted Consciousness
Glossary

The seventh consciousness. As used here it has two aspects: the immediate consciousness which monitors the other consciousness making them continuous and the klesha consciousness which is the continuous presence of self.
See Eight Consciousnesses.
Ajnata Kaundinya
Ajnata Kaundinya
Glossary

One of the five ascetics who became the first disciples of Buddha Shakyamuni. In the Lotus Sutra, chapter eight, it is predicted that he will become a Buddha called Universal Brightness.
Akashagarbha
Akashagarbha
Glossary

A bodhisattva. Meaning "Essence of space,' he is the counterpart of Ksitigarbha (Essence of Earth)  and one of the eight bodhisattvas attending Amitabha.
Akshobhya
Glossary

One of the Five Buddha Families or also called dhyani Buddhas.  He is of the vajra family and his related wisdom is mirror-like wisdom, and the related confused emotion is aggression. His right hand is in bhumi sparsha mudra and his left hand in dhyana mudra. Sometimes he holds a vajra in his left hand. He can be depicted as a nirmanakaya buddha, in that case he wears simple monk robes.
Alaya Consciousness
Alaya Consciousness
Glossary

Of the eight classes of consciousness, this is the undifferentiated, primordial continuum that underlies the other seven. This all-basis is the repository for all previously accumulated karmic imprints and habitual tendencies.
Amitabha
Amitabha
Glossary

Buddha of Boundless Light. One of the Five Buddha Families or dhyana buddhas. He presides over the pure realm of Sukhavati (dewachen) and is lord of the Lotus family. Rebirth in his pure land guarantees complete enlightenment in one lifetime. As  a nirmanakaya Buddha he wears simple monk robes. His hands hold a begging bowl and are in dhyana mudra, His body color is red.
Avici
Avici
Glossary

One of the eight hot hells,  the most severe one.
Bakula
Bakula
Glossary

One of the sixteen or eighteen Arhats. He led a solitary life in Uttakura, without any disciples. He symbolizes freedom from spiritual poverty.
He is depicted with a mongoose, holding with both hands.
Banner of Victory
Banner of Victory
Glossary

One of the eight auspicious symbols. The banner symbolizes the Buddha's having conquered all negativity and limitations.
Bhadra
Bhadra
Glossary

One of the eighteen arhats, a cousin of Buddha Shakyamuni
Chenrezik, Four-Armed


The bodhisattva who embodies the compassion of all buddhas. His six syllable mantra is OM MA NI PAD ME HUM (OM MANI PEME HUNG). SO he is sometimes called Sadaksari, the "six syllable Avalokiteshvara." Chenrezik is the patron deity of Tibet. Both His Holiness Karmapa and His Holiness Dalai Lama are manifestations of Chenrezik.
Conch Shell, Right Turning, White
Conch Shell, Right Turning, White


One of the eight auspicious symbols
Craving
Craving


The eighth link of the Twelve Links of Interdependence
Eight Auspicious Objects
Eight Auspicious Objects


Eight Auspicious Objects or Substances:
1. mirror, me long, adarsha
2. medicine from elephant's brain, gi wang
Eight Auspicious Symbols
Eight Auspicious Symbols


Eight Auspicious Symbols are:
1. white conch, dung dkar, shankha
2. umbrella, gdugs, chattra
Eight Bodhisattvas


These are:
Avalokiteshvara, spyan ras gzigs,
Vajrapani, phyag na rdo rje, Vajra Holder
Eight Consciousnesses
Eight Consciousnesses


The five sense consciousnesses of sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch, and body sensation. The sixth is mental consciousness; the seventh is afflicted consciousness, the klesha mind; and the eighth, the alaya, is the ground consciousness.
Eight dakinis


These are: Gauri, Chauri, Vetali, Gasmari, Pukkasi, Shabari, Chandali, and Dombi. They are descibed in the Hevajra tantra, fifth chapter of the second part.
Eight Fold Path
Eight Fold Path


1. Right view, yang dag pa'i lta ba, samyagdrishti
2. Right thought, yang dag pa'i rtog pa, samyaksamkalpa
Eight Goddesses of the Eight  Auspicious Symbols
Eight Goddesses of the Eight Auspicious Symbols


1. Goddess of Golden Fishes, gser nya ma, suvarnamatsya
2. Goddess of Umbrella, gdugs ma, chattra
Eight Great Stupas
Eight Great Stupas


Each of these eight stupas commemorates an important event during Buddha's lifetime.
1. Stupa of Enlightenment, mngon par sans rgyas byang chub mchod rten che, abhisambuddha bodhi mahacaitya
2. Stupa of many auspicious doors, bkra shis sgo mang sku bltams mchod rten che
Eight Liberations
Eight Liberations


1. Void of looking of looking at forms as having form, gzugs can gzugs la lta bas stong ba, rupi rupani pashyati shunyam
2. Void of looking at outer form and discerning the inner formlessness, nang gzugs med par 'du shes shing phyi rol gyi gzugs rnams la lta bas stong ba, bahidharrupani pashyati shunyam
Eight Manifestations of Guru Rinpoche


These are:
1. Pema Jungne, pad ma 'byung gnas
2. Padamsambha, pad ma sam bha
Eight Sugatas, Tathagatas
Eight Sugatas, Tathagatas


Eight Thousand Stanza Perfection of Wisdom Sutra
Eight Thousand Stanza Perfection of Wisdom Sutra


Eight Verses of Langri Thangpa


Eight verses on bodhicitta practice of mind training by the Kadmapa Geshe Langri Thangpa.
Eight worldly concerns, dharmas
Eight worldly concerns, dharmas


1. Gain, profit (attachment to), rnyed pa, labha
2. Loss (aversion to), ma rnyed pa, alabha
Endless knot


One of the eight auspicious symbols.
Fish, Golden a pair of
Fish, Golden a pair of


One of the eight auspicious symbols.
Glorious Supreme One Free from Misery
Glorious Supreme One Free from Misery


One of the eight or seven medicine buddhas. Both hands are in dhyana mudra.
Great Liberation Through Hearing in the Bardo
Great Liberation Through Hearing in the Bardo


Commonly known in the West as the Tibetan Book of the Dead. A treasure text composed in the eighth century by Guru Padmasambhava of Uddiyana. and later discovered by the treasure-revealer Karma Lingpa, it is a compendium of knowledge and instruction pertaining to the interval between death and rebirth.
Gunaprabha


Indian scholar, born into a Brahman family in Mathura. He studied the under Vasubandu the Buddhist sutra, vinaya and commentaries. His speciality was monastic code of the Sarvastivadins. His Vinaya sutra is still used by the Tibetansfor the study of monastic code of discipline.
Hayagriva


A wrathful deity. In the Nyingma lineage also known as Pema Wangchen (pad ma dbang chen) or Pema Sung (pad ma gsung). He is one of the main deities in the eight teachings of Drupde (sgrub sde), the section of accomplishment in the Mahayoga, and the main deity of the secret speech section. The Nyingma Gyu Bum  (rnying ma rgyud 'bum) contains several tantras related to Hayagriva.
Heaven Beneath Nothing
Heaven Beneath Nothing


The highest god realm (heaven)  of the eighteen form realms
Hell Without Respite
Hell Without Respite


The lowest of the eight hot hell realm
Kagyu
Kagyu


Teaching lineage, whose teachings and practices are passed down through a succession of realized teachers. The Kagyu traces its lineage back to the mahasiddha Tilopa, who received the teachings directly from Vajradhara.
Karma Gardi


A style of Tibetan thangka painting, developed in Kham under the influence of Chinese painting, due to its closeness to China's Sichuan province, in the seventeenth and eighteenth century. The other major style is called Menri (sman bris).
Kimnara
Kimnara


A heavenly being who excels in singing and dancing, one of the eight kinds of nonhuman beings who are protectors of Buddhism
Ksitigarbha
Ksitigarbha


 A bodhisattva. Meaning "Essence of Earth,' he is the counterpart of Akashagarba (Essence of Space) and one of the eight bodhisattvas attending Amitabha.
Atisha
Langri Thangpa


(1054-1123) A prominent monk of the Kadampa school. He was so called because he founded the Langri Thangpa monastery, situated to the northeast of Lhasa. He is the author of the famous Kadampa text: "Eight Verses for Training the Mind (blo sbyong tshigs brgyad ma).
Lotus Flower, Excellent
Lotus Flower, Excellent


One of the eight auspicious symbols. The excellent lotus flower symbolizes the purity of the Buddha's mind
Mahasiddha
Mahasiddha


Great adept; the highly realized masters in the vajrayana tradition. Also refers to the eighty-four great and eccentric mahasiddhas who lived in India between the eighth and twelfth centuries CE and who reached great spiritual attainment through the diligent practice of tantra. Tilopa and Naropa are two of the eighty-four mahasiddhas.
Marici


She is can be  represented with one face and four arms or three faces and eight arms, riding a boar or on chariot that is pulled by boars.
Mirror
Mirror


Ritual object and one of the eight auspicious symbols.
Nyingma
Nyingma


The "old" school, or ancient translation school, which represents the Buddhist teachings as they were first translated into Tibetan from Sanskrit and other languages. This school began in the eighth century CE with Padmasambhava, who buried terma, or hidden treasures, to be discovered at the appropriate time in the future by tertons, or treasure discoverers. dzokchen. is the highest meditation practice in the Nyingma tradition.
Palden Lhamo
Palden Lhamo


Female Dharma protector, the only female of the eight Dharma protectors.
Ratnasambhava
Ratnasambhava


Among the four activities, Ratnasambhava embodies the activity of enrichment, which his yellow color symbolizes. Ratnasambhava sits on a lotus-and-full-moon-disc throne upheld by eight horses. In ancient times, horses were the swiftest means of transportation, so the swiftness of the eight horses represents the speediness or impulsiveness of our pride and arrogance.
Samantabhadra
Samantabhadra


Meaning "All Good." One of the eight bodhisattvas.
Samantabhadra
Samantabhadra


Literally, “all good.” One of the eight great bodhisattvas, he is an emanation of Vajrasattva, and the primordial dharmakaya buddha for the Nyingma lineage.
Sarvanivaranavishkambhin


One of eight great bodhisattvas. He is blue in color, one face two arms. He is said to remove all mental obscurations on the path to enlightenment.
Sutra on Medicine Buddha
Seven Medicine Buddhas


Sometimes also including Shakyamuni Buddha, in that case one speaks of "Eight Medicine Buddhas." (sman bla mched rgyad). In Tibet the Seven Buddhas of Healing (sman bla mched bdun) are also known as the"Seven Healing  Master Brothers."
Shakyaprabha


Indian scholar, is said to be a student of Gunaprabha, but he lived 400 years after Gunapranbha. He is one of the "Two Supreme Ones" (mchog gnyis). who are part of the "Eight Ornaments (Adornments)" (rgyan drug). He wrote a treatise on the code for novices.
Siddhi
Siddhi


Accomplishment. The eight ordinary siddhis show mastery of the mundane everyday world; the supreme siddhi is enlightenment.
Stupa of Enlightenment
Stupa of Enlightenment


One of eight great stupas
Tai Situpa,  3rd, Tashi Paljor
Tai Situpa, 3rd, Tashi Paljor


(1498-1510) The third Tai Situpa continued the beneficial work at Karma Gon and other monasteries within its sphere of influence in Eastern Tibet. Situ Tashi Paljor discovered the eighth Karmapa, Mikyo Dorje (1507-1554), and was one of his principal teachers.
Tai Situpa,  4th, Chokyi Gocha
Tai Situpa, 4th, Chokyi Gocha


(1542-1585) The fourth Tai Situpa was a student of eighth Karmapa   , Mikyo Dorje, was distinguished by the ninth Karmapa, Wangchuk Dorje, who bestowed upon him the Red Crown in acknowledgement of his high level of spiritual accomplishment.
Tai Situpa,  8th Chokyi Jungne
Tai Situpa, 8th Chokyi Jungne


(1700-1774) He of all the incarnation may well be the most extraordinary to date. He was a sage of great insight, a Sanskrit scholar, a doctor, and an innovative thangka painter. Even as a child he was a brilliant scholar and known for his ability to accurately predict future events. In 1727 he founded Palpung, the monastery in Dege that was subsequently the seat of the Tai Situpas.
Tai Situpa, 12th ,  Pema Tonyo Nyinje
Tai Situpa, 12th , Pema Tonyo Nyinje


The twelfth Tai Situpa,  Pema Tonyo Nyinje was born in 1954, in the Tibetan year of the Male Wood Horse. He was born in the Palpul district of Dege, Eastern Tibet, to a farming family by the name of Liu. His birth was accompanied by the auspicious signs that are associated with the birth of a high incarnated lama, including the recognition of his birth by the sixteenth Karmapa.
Tashi Gomang
Tashi Gomang


One of the eight great stupas
Thirty Seven Factors of Enlightenment
Thirty Seven Factors of Enlightenment


(Thirty Seven Factors Harmonious to Enlightenment)
1-4. Four applications of mindfulness, recollection, dran pa nyer bzhag bzhi, catvari smrityupasshanani
5-8. Four excellent abandonments, yang dag spong ba bzhi, catvari samyakprahangani
Twenty Eight Kinds of Sound
Twenty Eight Kinds of Sound


1-7. Seven sounds produced by speech of a person, skye bu'i ngag tu gyur pa'i sgra bdun, sapta pursaphavakshabda
8-14. Seven sounds produced by hands of a person, skes bu'i lag pa'i sgra l sogs pa bdun, sapta pursaphahastadishabda
Umbrella, precious
Umbrella, precious


One of the eight auspicious symbols. The precious umbrella symbolizes the universal respect which beings feel for the Buddha.
Ushnisha Vijaya


Together with Amitayus and White Tara she is one of three longlife deities in Tibetan Buddhism. She is white in color, has eight arms, and three faces. In her right hands she holds a double vajra at the heart, an image of Amitabha, and an arrow. In her left hands she holds a longlife vase, a lasso, and an arrow. She is an emanation of Buddha Vairochana .
Vairochana


He sits upon a throne that represents the true nature of things. The throne is composed of a lotus and full-moon disk and is upheld by eight snow lions. The snow lions represents the complete realization of the true nature of the aggregate of form, the realization of wisdom that clears away all confusion to unveil the true nature of ignorance.
Vajrabhairava


The wrathful (krodha) emanation of Manjushri. He is a main yidam (ishta deva) of the Gelukpas. As a  dharma protector he keeps away all that hinders a practioner on the path. He conquers Maheshvara and Uma, who are trempled under his feet.
Vase
Vase


A ritual implement, for instance used during empowerments.
One of the eight auspicious symbols. The inexhaustible vase symbolizes the inconceivable blessing of the Buddha's presence.
Wheel
Wheel


One of the eight auspicious symbols. The wheel symbolizes the Buddha's unending activity of training beings in the path of liberation.
One of the seven precious articles.
White Umbrella


She can have a thousand faces, arms and legs. Or three faces and six or eight arms. Or one face and two arms. She is white in color.