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35 Buddhas of Confession
35 Buddhas of Confession
Glossary

Thirty-five Buddhas of Confession. See the books: Confession of Downfalls and Taking the Bodhisattva Vow
Acala
Acala


Meaning 'Immovable.'
Akashagarbha
Akashagarbha


A bodhisattva. Meaning "Essence of space,' he is the counterpart of Ksitigarbha (Essence of Earth)  and one of the eight bodhisattvas attending Amitabha.
Akshayamati
Akshayamati


One of the sixteen bodhisattvas.
Akshobhya


One of the Five Buddha Families or also called dhyani Buddhas.  He is of the vajra family and his related wisdom is mirror-like wisdom, and the related confused emotion is aggression. His right hand is in bhumi sparsha mudra and his left hand in dhyana mudra. Sometimes he holds a vajra in his left hand. He can be depicted as a nirmanakaya buddha, in that case he wears simple monk robes.
Amitabha
Amitabha


Buddha of Boundless Light. One of the Five Buddha Families or dhyana buddhas. He presides over the pure realm of Sukhavati (dewachen) and is lord of the Lotus family. Rebirth in his pure land guarantees complete enlightenment in one lifetime. As  a nirmanakaya Buddha he wears simple monk robes. His hands hold a begging bowl and are in dhyana mudra, His body color is red.
Amitayus


The Buddha of infinite life. As a sambhogakaya Buddha he wears ornaments and a crown. He is red and his hands hold a long life vase (amrita kalasha) with on top a twig of the Ashoka tree and his hands are in dhyana mudra.
Amoghasiddhi


He is one of the Five Buddha Families . He belongs to the  Karma family and symbolises wisdom that accomplishes all actions. He is green in color, as a nirmakaya Buddha he wears simple monk robes. His right hand is in abhaya mudra, which symbolises great compassion and the removal of suffering.  His left hand is in dhyana mudra, resting on his lap and palm open upwards.
Appearence of Stainless Fine Gold
Appearance of Stainless Fine Gold


One of the seven Medicine Buddhas
Asura, Demi Gods


One of the six existences.  The asuras are dominated by jealousy and envy and suffer as a result of their constant quarreling and fighting.
Avalokiteshvara
Avalokiteshvara


See Chenrezik.
Bhadrapala
Bhadrapala


A bodhisattva
Bhikshu

See gelong.
Bodhiprabha
Bodhiprabha


A disciple of Atisha, he was a prince and ordained monk, he invited Atisha to Tibet
Buddha Shakyamuni
Buddha Shakyamuni


Sage of the Shakyas. The historical buddha was born as prince Siddartha Gautama into the Sakya clan in the fifth century BCE. Upon attaining enlightenment at Bodhgaya, Buddha Shakyamuni taught the Dharma. He is the fourth of the thousand buddhas of the present era.
Chakrasamvara
Chakrasamvara


A main yidam that belongs to the anuttara tantra set of the New Translation school. Tantric emanation associated with practices for mental purification and the transformation of obstacles. His consort is Vajravarahi, Dorje Phakmo. He is described in the Samvara tantra, which belongs to the Mother tantras of the Anuttarayoga tantras.
Chakravartin
Chakravartin


A universal ruler; a king who propagates the Dharma.
Chandrakirti
Chandrakirti


Born in Samana, South India. He was a son  of a Brahmin. Later he took full ordination from the abbot Chandranatha from whom he received his name. He went to study under the guidance of Nagarjuna.  He became a famous philosopher in India, writing commentaries on Nagarjuna's treatises on madhyamaka.
Chandraprabha
Chandraprabha


Bodhisattva residing with Medicine Buddha in his pure realm Vaidurya Paradise. His name can be translated as "Luminous Like the Moon" or "Brilliance of the Moon."
Chenrezik, Four-Armed


The bodhisattva who embodies the compassion of all buddhas. His six syllable mantra is OM MA NI PAD ME HUM (OM MANI PEME HUNG). SO he is sometimes called Sadaksari, the "six syllable Avalokiteshvara." Chenrezik is the patron deity of Tibet. Both His Holiness Karmapa and His Holiness Dalai Lama are manifestations of Chenrezik.
Damchen Dorje Legpa


A dharma protector. Orginally he was the protector of blacksmiths. With the arrival of Guru Rinpoche he became a dharma protector.
Damchen Dorje Legpa


He was the king of the legendary kingdom of Ling (gling) in the vinicity of the border of Tibet and Sichuan in China. It is believed that he was a reincanation of Padmasambhava.
Dharmapala
Dharmapala


Protector of the doctrine. Fierce and powerful, the Dharma protectors vow to guard the Dharma and its practitioners. Dharmapalas can be wisdom protectors, who are emanations of buddhas or bodhisattvas, or mundane protectors, who are virtuous samsaric beings.
Dorje Phakmo
Dorje Phakmo


The embodiment of wisdom, she is one of the main yidams of the Kagyu lineage and the consort of Chakrasamvara.
Drin Zangma
Drin Zangma


One of the Five Goddess of Long Life. She is red in color and is seated on a deer.
Dro Zangma, gtad dkar 'gro bzang ma, sugati
Dro Zangma, gtad dkar 'gro bzang ma, sugati


One of the Five Goddess of Long Life. She is green in color and is seated on a dragon.
Eight Goddesses of the Eight  Auspicious Symbols
Eight Goddesses of the Eight Auspicious Symbols


1. Goddess of Golden Fishes, gser nya ma, suvarnamatsya
2. Goddess of Umbrella, gdugs ma, chattra
Eight Sugatas, Tathagatas
Eight Sugatas, Tathagatas


Excellent Name
Excellent Name


One of the seven Medicine Buddhas.
Five Goddess of Long Life <! long life deities>
Five Goddess of Long Life


1. Tashi Tseringma, bkra shis tshe ring ma, mangaladirghayushi
2. Thing Gi Zhel Zangma, mthing gi zhal bzang ma, sumukhi
Four Goddesses
Four Goddesses


1. Lochana, spyan ma
2. Mamaki, mamaki
3. Pandura, gos dkar mo
4. Tara, sgrol ma,
Glorious Supreme One Free from Misery
Glorious Supreme One Free from Misery


One of the eight or seven medicine buddhas. Both hands are in dhyana mudra.
Hayagriva


A wrathful deity. In the Nyingma lineage also known as Pema Wangchen (pad ma dbang chen) or Pema Sung (pad ma gsung). He is one of the main deities in the eight teachings of Drupde (sgrub sde), the section of accomplishment in the Mahayoga, and the main deity of the secret speech section. The Nyingma Gyu Bum  (rnying ma rgyud 'bum) contains several tantras related to Hayagriva.
Kalachakra
Kalachakra


The literal meaning is “wheel of time.” A deity manifested by Shakymuni Buddha at the request of the king of Shambhala. Kalachakra is an anuttara yoga tantra. Receiving the empowerment is thought to guarantee rebirth in Shambhala.
Khadiravani Tara
Khadiravani Tara


In the Nagarjuna tradition: Green Tara is also called Seng Deng Nak Kyi Drolma, Khadiravani Tara (Tara of the teak forest).
King of Direct Knowledge
King of Direct Knowledge


One of the seven medicine Buddhas
Ksitigarbha
Ksitigarbha


 A bodhisattva. Meaning "Essence of Earth,' he is the counterpart of Akashagarba (Essence of Space) and one of the eight bodhisattvas attending Amitabha.
Kunrik


Part of the Durgatiparishodhana, a yoga tantra. Also known as the Sarvavid Vairochana. It is used in funeral ceremonies.
Kurukulle
Kurukulle


Lob Zangma
Lob Zangma


One of the Five Goddess of Long Life. She is golden yellow in color and is seated on a tiger.
Lords of Three Families


These are Manjushri, Avalokiteshvara, and Vajrapani. Manjushri symbolizing the Buddha's wisdom, Avalokiteshvara the Buddha's compassion and Vajrapani the Buddha's power.
Mahachakravajrapani


Wrathful deity, blue in color, having three faces, six arms and embraces his consort. He is biting a snake with his mouth of the center face. Mahachakravajrapani is described in the Nilambaradharavajrapani tantra, this tantra belongs to the Father tantras of the Anuttarayoga tantras.
Maitreya
Maitreya


The buddha of the future, who at the present time resides in Tushita, a heavenly realm, from which he emanates manifestations into other realms. He will take birth as the last buddha of the present era.
Manjushri
Manjushri


The bodhisattva manifesting the perfection of wisdom and thus a frequent figure in the prajnaparamita sutras of the mahayana tradition. He is shown wearing sambhogakaya ornaments and holding a flaming sword in his right hand and a text in his left.
Marici
Marici


Marici


She is can be  represented with one face and four arms or three faces and eight arms, riding a boar or on chariot that is pulled by boars.
Medicine Buddha
Medicine Buddha


His aspiration is to pacify the suffering of all beings. His pure realm is Vaidurya Paradise in the East. He is accompanied by two bodhisattvas: Suryaprabha (Luminous Like the Sun) and Chandraprabha (Luminous Like the Moon). Since Akshobhya's color is blue, this attribute is also assigned to Medicine Buddha.
Nageshvaravajra
Nageshvaravajra


The fourth of the Thirty-five Buddhas of confession. He is dressed in monk robes (chos gos). His hands are in dharmachakra mudra (teaching mudra) and he is seated in varjasana or dhyanasana. His head is surrounded by a nimbus (dbu'i 'od 'khor) adorned with seven serpents.
Namgyalma Blazing Crown
Namgyalma Blazing Crown


Naro Kha Choma


A form of Vajrayogini.
Nojin Tsi'u Marpo


A Nyingma dharma protector. According to Nyingma termas, this deity was born as a Khotanese prince at the time the teachings of Buddha Kashyapa were dissapearing. Later in life he became a Buddhist monk. He met an untimely death as a result of fals accusations. He turned into a yaksha (gnod sbyin), striking fear into the hearts of many beings. He was sujugated by Hayagriva.
Palden Lhamo
Palden Lhamo


Female Dharma protector, the only female of the eight Dharma protectors.
Precious Moon
Precious Moon


One of the seven Medicine Buddhas
Ratnarchis
Ratnarchis


The third of the Thirty-five Buddhas of confession.
He is dressed in monk robes (chos gos). His hands are in dhyana mudra (meditation mudra) and he is seated in varjasana or dhyanasana. His head is surrounded by a nimbus (dbu’i ‘od ‘khor). And is supported by a lotus seat (padmasana).
Ratnasambhava
Ratnasambhava


Among the four activities, Ratnasambhava embodies the activity of enrichment, which his yellow color symbolizes. Ratnasambhava sits on a lotus-and-full-moon-disc throne upheld by eight horses. In ancient times, horses were the swiftest means of transportation, so the swiftness of the eight horses represents the speediness or impulsiveness of our pride and arrogance.
Resounding Dharma Melody
Resounding Dharma Melody


One of the seven Medicine Buddhas
Samantabhadra
Samantabhadra


Meaning "All Good." One of the eight bodhisattvas.
Sangde Jig Sum


These three Gelugpa tutelary deities are: Vajrabhairava, Chakrasamvara, and Guhyasamaja
Sarvanivaranavishkambhin


One of eight great bodhisattvas. He is blue in color, one face two arms. He is said to remove all mental obscurations on the path to enlightenment.
Shakyamuni
Shakyamuni


The first of the Thirty-five Buddhas of Confession. The historical Buddha, Gautama Buddha, or Buddha Shakyamuni.
Six Armed Mahakala


A wrathful dharma protector. Traditional attendants of the Six Armed Mahakala are: Takkiraja (who holds a damaru), Kshetrapala (riding a bear), Jinamitra (holding a damaru and kapala), Takshad (riding a horse and Palden Lhamo (riding a mule).
Suryaprabha
Suryaprabha


Bodhisattva residing with Medicine Buddha in his pure realm Vaidurya Paradise. His name can be translated as "Luminous Like the Sun" or "Brilliance of the Sun."
Tashi Tseringma
Tashi Tseringma


One of the Five Goddess of Long Life. She is seated on a white snow lion, and she is white in color.
Three Deities of Lhasa


The three most famous Buddhist images in Lhasa:
1. Shakyamuni Buddha in the Jokhang (jo khang).
2. Eleven-faced Chenrezig, known as Rangjung Nga Den (rang byung lnga ldan).
3. Akshobhyavajra at the Ramoche.
Three Deities of Longevity


These three are: Amitayus, White Tara and Namgyalma.
Twenty One Taras


Twenty one manifestations of Tara. There are two main traditions: one according to Atisha and the second is the Suryagupta. In Atisha's tradition all the Taras have one face and two arms, in the Suryagupta many Taras have more than two arms.
Ushnisha Vijaya


Together with Amitayus and White Tara she is one of three longlife deities in Tibetan Buddhism. She is white in color, has eight arms, and three faces. In her right hands she holds a double vajra at the heart, an image of Amitabha, and an arrow. In her left hands she holds a longlife vase, a lasso, and an arrow. She is an emanation of Buddha Vairochana .
Vairochana


He sits upon a throne that represents the true nature of things. The throne is composed of a lotus and full-moon disk and is upheld by eight snow lions. The snow lions represents the complete realization of the true nature of the aggregate of form, the realization of wisdom that clears away all confusion to unveil the true nature of ignorance.
Vaishravana


A protector of wealth. In Tibetan Namthose or in short Namse. He rides a lion and holds a parasol and a jewel spitting mongoose.
Vajrabhairava


The wrathful (krodha) emanation of Manjushri. He is a main yidam (ishta deva) of the Gelukpas. As a  dharma protector he keeps away all that hinders a practioner on the path. He conquers Maheshvara and Uma, who are trempled under his feet.
Vajragarbhapramardin
Vajragarbhapramardin


The second of the Thirty-five Buddhas of confession.
He is dressed in monk robes (chos gos). His hands are in dharmachakra mudra (teaching mudra) and he is seated in varjasana or dhyanasana. His head is surrounded by a nimbus (dbu’i ‘od ‘khor). And is supported by a lotus seat (padmasana).
Vajrapani
Vajrapani


Blue in color, his right hand holds a vajra, his left hand a rope. An one of the eight bodhisattvas or great sons of Buddha.
Vanavasin
Vanavasin


One of the 16 arhats.
Vighnantaka
Vighnantaka


"Destroyer of Obstacles" , a protector.
Virasena
Virasena


The fifth of the Thirty-five Buddhas of confession. He is dressed in monk robes (chos gos). His right hand is  in buddhashramana mudra (renunciation mudra), his left hand is in abhaya mudra (fearlessness mudra) and he is seated in varjasana or dhyanasana.
White Tara


Female deity whose special function is to promote good health and long life, both for the practitioner and for others. White Tara, Amitayus, and Ushnisha Vijaya  form the three deities of longevity. She is white with two arms and seven eyes of perfect wisdom that give birth to enlightenment.
White Umbrella


She can have a thousand faces, arms and legs. Or three faces and six or eight arms. Or one face and two arms. She is white in color.
Yamantaka
Yamantaka


Wrathful manifestation of Manjushri.
Zhel Zangma
Zhel Zangma


One of the Five Goddess of Long Life. She is blue in color and is seated on a white khyang (tibetan donkey).