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Abhayadatta
Abhayadatta
Glossary

The author of "The Lives of the 84 Mahasiddhas." Three translations of this text are:Masters of Mahamudra, Buddhist Masters of Enchantment and Buddha's Lions, The Lives of The Eighty - Four Siddhas more info
Abheda
Abheda
Glossary

One of the sixteen Arhats.
He holds a bodhi stupa (byang chub mchod rten) in his hands.
more info
Ajantajaya
Ajantajaya
Glossary

He is the 24th of the 25  Kulika Kings of Shambhala, in the Kalachakra tradtion. In his left hand he holds a vajra and in his right hand a bell. more info
Ajatashatru
Ajatashatru
Glossary

King of Magadha and son of king of Bimbisara. Later in his life he became a Buddhist. more info
Ajitasena
Ajitasena
Glossary

One of the teachers the young Buddha Shakyamuni met in his search for enlightenment. more info
Ajnata Kaundinya
Ajnata Kaundinya
Glossary

One of the five ascetics who became the first disciples of Buddha Shakyamuni. In the Lotus Sutra, chapter eight, it is predicted that he will become a Buddha called Universal Brightness. more info
Ananda
Ananda
Glossary

One of the ten major disciples of Buddha Shakyamuni, and his personal attendant and received more teachings than any other disciple. He was a cousin of the Buddha and Devadatta was his brother. Ananda was known for his excellent memory. more info
Ananyagamin
Ananyagamin
Glossary

He was the 29th of the 53 teachers the young Shakyamuni Buddha met on his way to enlightenment. more info
Aniruddha
Aniruddha
Glossary

A cousin of the Buddha, and one of the ten foremost disciples of Buddha Shakyamuni.
One of the sixteen Shravakas.
Also the name of one of the 25 Kulika kings of Shambhala.
more info
Anuruddha
Anuruddha
Glossary

A  cousin of  and one of the ten foremost disciples of Shakyamuni Buddha. He was known for his divine insight. more info
Apalala nagaraja
Apalala nagaraja
Glossary

Commonly know as Varuna, the king of nagas. He plays a role in weather making rituals. Different representations of him are known. more info
Arada Kalama
Arada Kalama
Glossary

A hermit sage under whom Budddha Shakyamuni studied. more info
Asanga
Asanga
Glossary

Asanga lived in India during the fourth century CE and established the Yogachara school with his younger brother, Vasubandhu. he was born in a kausika brahmana family of Purushapuran (Peshawar).  After twelve years of retreat, he received a vision of Maitreya and subsequently wrote the five Maitreya texts, which have had a profound impact on mahayana Buddhism. more info
Asha
Asha
Glossary

The 8th of the 52 teachers the young Buddha Shakyamuni met on his quest to enlightenment. She  was the first female teacher. She resides in the Forest of Universal Splendor, and was queen of king Suprabha. more info
Ashoka
Ashoka
Glossary

King of India from 273-236 BC. more info
Ashokashri
Ashokashri
Glossary

One of the Thirty-five Buddhas of confession. He is dressed in monk robes (chos gos). His hands are in dharmachakra mudra (teaching mudra) and he is seated in varjasana or dhyanasana. His head is surrounded by a nimbus (dbu'i 'od 'khor) adorned with seven serpents, his hair is in tight curls with a topknot (ushnisha) He rests on a lotus seat (padmasana). more info
Ashvagosha
Ashvagosha
Glossary

He lived in the second century at the time of King Kanishka. He was a native of Shravasti (Middle India). At first he criticized Buddhism, but was later refuted by Parshva and became a buddhist. His most famous work is the Buddhacarita, the life story of Buddha Shakyamuni in prose. more info
Ashvajit
Ashvajit
Glossary

One of the five ascetics who became the first disciples of Buddha Shakyamuni. more info
Asita
Asita
Glossary

He prophesied that if Shakyamuni stayed home he would become a great chakravartin (wordly king), and if he would leave he would become a buddha. more info
Atisha
Atisha
Glossary

Atisha Dipamkara Shrijnana (982 -1055 CE) was a renowned Buddhist scholar and teacher at the monastic university, Vikramashila, in India. He was invited to Tibet in 1043 (1042?) by the Kings Yeshe O (ye she 'od) and Jang Chub O (byang chub 'od), where he founded the kadampa school and wrote his most influential work, The Lamp for the Path to Enlightenment, which teaches the gradual path to enlightenment. more info
Bakula
Bakula
Glossary

One of the sixteen or eighteen Arhats. He led a solitary life in Uttakura, without any disciples. He symbolizes freedom from spiritual poverty.
He is depicted with a mongoose, holding with both hands.
more info
Bhaddiya
Bhaddiya
Glossary

Cousin of Buddha Shakyamuni. more info
Bhadra
Bhadra
Glossary

One of the eighteen arhats, a cousin of Buddha Shakyamuni more info
Bhadra
Bhadra


Disciple of the Buddha and wife of Maha Kashyapa. more info
Bhadrapada
Bhadrapada


One of the 84 Mahasiddhas, according to text by Abhayadatta. He was a rich brahman who once prevented a yogi who was carrying a skull cup from entering his premises to beg for alms. The brahman considered the yogi an unclean person. The yogi answered: "Unclean are those whose mind, body, and speech are morally corrupt. more info
Bhadrika
Bhadrika


One of the five ascetics who became the first disciples of Buddha Shakyamuni. more info
Bhavaviveka or Bhavya
Bhavaviveka or Bhavya


Bhavaviveka (500-578) was born in a ksatriya family in south India. He studied with Sangharakshita the Mahayana sutras and texts by Nagarjuna. He is the founder of the Svatantrika Madhyamika and refuted the view held by Buddhapalita. more info
Bodhibhadra
Bodhibhadra


One of Atisa's teachers at the Nalanda University more info
Bodhisattva Devaputra Svetaketu
Bodhisattva Devaputra Svetaketu


During the time of Buddha Kshyapa, Buddha Shakyamuni was born as the Brahmin Kye'u Lama (khye'u bla ma).
After the passing of Kye'u Lama, he was born in Tushita as the Bodhisattva Devaputra Svetaketu (dam pa tok dkar po).
more info
Buddha Shakyamuni
Buddha Shakyamuni


Sage of the Shakyas. The historical buddha was born as prince Siddartha Gautama into the Sakya clan in the fifth century BCE. Upon attaining enlightenment at Bodhgaya, Buddha Shakyamuni taught the Dharma. He is the fourth of the thousand buddhas of the present era. more info
Buton Rinchen Drup
Buton Rinchen Drup


(1290-1364) Also known as Buton Rinpoche or Lord of Zhalu. His most famous work is "The Jewelry of Scripture, The History of Buddhism in India and Tibet."
This work is translated into Englsh by Obermiller.
more info
Chandaka
Chandaka


A servant of Buddha Shakyamuni, he led the horse on which Buddha Shakyamuni left his father's palace. more info
Chen Ngawa
Chen Ngawa


One of the "three brothers," spiritual sons of Kadampa master Dromtonpa. more info
Chogyal Phagpa Lodro Gyaltshen
Chogyal Phagpa Lodro Gyaltshen


(1235-1280) Nephew of Sakya Pandita and his successor. He became the spiritual adviser to khubilai Khan, who gave him the tilte of guoshi and the regency of Tibet in the Mongol empire's name. Phagpa Lodro Gyaltshen is credited with the developmaent of the first Mongol script which he adapted from the Tibetan. He is the Fifth of the Five Early Patriachs of the Sakya.
Books related:
Luminous Lives
more info
Chokro Luyi Gyaltsen
Chokro Luyi Gyaltsen


A great translator (Sanskrit to Tibetan) at Samye during the reign of King Trisong Detsen. He worked together with other great translators Vairochana and Kawa Paltsek and others. Along with Kawa Paltseg he was sent to Kashmir to invite the great scholar Vimalamitra to Tibet. The Terton Karma Lingpa is considered an emanation of Chokro Luyi Gyaltsen. more info
Chokyi Wangchuk
Chokyi Wangchuk


Chokyi Wangchuk (1584-1635, the Sixth Shamar Rinpoche, was recognized at an early age by his principle guru , the Ninth Gyalwang Karmapa Wangchuk Dorje. Demonstrating swift accomplishment in his training and tremendous proficiency in debate and scholarship, he became one of the most renowned panditas of his era. more info
Marpa
Dakmema


Wife of Marpa, she played a prominent role in the life story of Milarepa. more info
Dalai Lama, 13th
Dalai Lama, 13th


(1876-1933) more info
Dalai Lama, Fifth
Dalai Lama, Fifth


(1617-1682) He was installed in Gushri Khan in 1642 as the Fifth Dalai Lama. He reunified Tibet during his reign and enforced many changes. The political victory of the Gelukpa changed its destiny and it was the Fifth Dalai Lama who made Lhasa into the centre of the Tibetan world, with an influence reaching into Mongolia and Ladakh.  He started the construction of the Potala in Lhasa. more info
Dharmarakshita
Dharmarakshita


Indian yogi, and teacher of Atisha. He composed the important Mahayna text "The Wheel of Sharp Weapons." more info
Dorje Dze Od
Dorje Dze Od


(13th century) He was a disciple of Paldan Ritro Wang Chuk (dpal ldan ri khrod dbang phyug) and who was a disciple of Jigten Gonpo ('jig rten mgon po), the founder of the Drikung Kagyu ('bri gung).  Dorje Dze Od wrote also a Tilopa biography (rje te lo pa'i rnam thar). One finds this translation in the book Great Kagyu Masters. more info
Drigomrepa
Drigomrepa


A disciple of Milarepa more info
Drokmi Lotsawa ('brog mi lotsawa shakya ye shes), the Translator
Drokmi Lotsawa ('brog mi lotsawa shakya ye shes), the Translator


(ca. 992/993-1043/1072) Marpa studied for fifteen years Sanskrit and other subjects under the guidance of Drokmi Lotsawa. more info
Dromtonpa
Dromtonpa


(1004-1064) His full name is: Dromton Gyalway Jungne ('brom ston rgyal ba'i 'byung gnas). A disciple of Atisha. Together with Atisha he translated the "Wheel of Sharp Weapons" by Dharmarakshita from Sanskrit into Tibetan. more info
Drup Thop Orgyenpa Rinchen Pal
Drup Thop Orgyenpa Rinchen Pal


(1229/30-1309).  He was a disciple of Gotshangpa (rgod tshang pa) and wrote a biography of Tilopa (Te lo pa'i rnam thar). more info
Dusum Khyenpa
Dusum Khyenpa


The first Karmapa [1110-1193], he was a student of Gampopa and received Kalachakra teachings and the lam dre teachings from Virupa. See also karma kagyu, and Karmapa.

more info
Five First Disciples of Buddha Shakyamuni
Five First Disciples of Buddha Shakyamuni


The five ascetics who practiced with Buddha Shakyamuni. They left him when the Buddha gave up the practice of ascetism. Later after the Buddha's enlightenment they became his first disciples. Their names are: more info
Four Great Pillars
Four Great Pillars


These are the four main disciples of Marpa: Milarepa (Mi la ras pa), Nog chodor (rNog chos kyi rdo rje), Tshur wang nge ('Tshur dbang nge) and Metsonpo (Mes tshon po). more info
Gampopa
Gampopa


Gampopa (1079-1153), also known as Dakpo Rinpoche, was born Sonam Rinchen in Nyal, Central Tibet. He is best known for combining the Kadampa tradition with the Mahamudra and tantric teachings of Milarepa, and for his famous book, The Jewel Ornament of Liberation. Gampopa previously lived as a Bodhisattva renowned for herbal healing abilities during the time of Shakyamuni Buddha, who predicted this rebirth. more info
Geshe Potowa
Geshe Potowa


One of the "three brothers," spiritual sons of Kadampa master Dromtonpa. more info
Gunaprabha
Gunaprabha


Indian scholar, born into a Brahman family in Mathura. He studied the under Vasubandu the Buddhist sutra, vinaya and commentaries. His speciality was monastic code of the Sarvastivadins. His Vinaya sutra is still used by the Tibetansfor the study of monastic code of discipline. more info
Gyal Thang pa Dechen Dorje
Gyal Thang pa Dechen Dorje


(13th. century). He was a student of Gotsangpa (rgod tshang pa)  and wrote a Tilopa's biography (rje btsun chen po Tilli pa'i rnam par thar pa) and a Gotshangpa's biography. more info
Hashang
Hashang


A Chinese meditation teacher whose view was repudiated by Kamalashila. more info
Jatson Nyingpo
Jatson Nyingpo


(1585-1656) A treasure revealer. One of the revealed text is the "Kon Chog Chi Du" (dkon mchog spyi dus). more info
Kamalashila
Kamalashila


An Indian pandit, follower of the Yogacaya Madhyamaka school. He was invited to Tibet by King Tri Song Deu Tsan and defeated the Chinese monk Hashang Mahayana in a debate. His most famous work is the Bhavanakrama, sgom rim, Stages of Mediation. more info
Karma Pakshi
Karma Pakshi


The second Karmapa more info
Karma Rangjung Dorje
Karma Rangjung Dorje


The author of a collection of "jataka" or former birth stories of Buddha Shakyamuni.
He added another 65 stories to Aryashura's Jatakamala, making a total of 100 stories.
more info
Karmapa
Karmapa


The Gyalwa Karmapa, is the head of the Karma Kagyu lineage of Tibetan Buddhism. The present Karmapa, Ogyen Trinley Dorje, is the seventeenth in an unbroken lineage that began with dusum khyenpa (1110 -1193).The Gyalwa Karmapas, who embody the activity of buddhahood, were prophesied by both Buddha Shakyamuni and Padmasambhava. more info
Karmapa 10th, Choying Dorje
Karmapa 10th, Choying Dorje


(1604-1674) more info
Karmapa 11th, Yeshe Dorje
Karmapa 11th, Yeshe Dorje


(1675-1702) more info
Karmapa 12th, Jangchub Dorje
Karmapa 12th, Jangchub Dorje


(1703-1732) more info
Karmapa 13th, Dudul Dorje
Karmapa 13th, Dudul Dorje


(1733-1797) more info
Karmapa 14th, Thekchok Dorje
Karmapa 14th, Thekchok Dorje


(1797-1845) more info
Karmapa 15th, Khakhyab Dorje
Karmapa 15th, Khakhyab Dorje


(1845-1924) more info
Karmapa 16th, Rangjung Rigpe Dorje
Karmapa 16th, Rangjung Rigpe Dorje


(1924-1981) more info
Karmapa 1st, Dusum Khyenpa
Karmapa 1st, Dusum Khyenpa


(1110-1193) more info
Karmapa 2nd, Karma Pakshi
Karmapa 2nd, Karma Pakshi


(1206-1283) more info
Karmapa 3rd, Rangjung Dorje
Karmapa 3rd, Rangjung Dorje


(1284-1339) more info
Karmapa 4th, Rolpay Dorje
Karmapa 4th, Rolpay Dorje


(1340-1383) more info
Karmapa 5th, Dezhin Shekpa
Karmapa 5th, Dezhin Shekpa


(1384-1415) more info
Karmapa 6th, Tongwa Dondam
Karmapa 6th, Tongwa Dondam


(1416-1453) more info
Karmapa 7th, Chodrak Gyamtso
Karmapa 7th, Chodrak Gyamtso


(1454-1506) more info
Karmapa 8th, Mikyo Dorje
Karmapa 8th, Mikyo Dorje


(1507-1554) more info
Karmapa 9th, Wangchuk Dorje
Karmapa 9th, Wangchuk Dorje


(1556-1603) more info
Karme Chakme
Karme Chakme


Sanskrit for Karma Chakme.
more info
Kashyapa Buddha
Kashyapa Buddha


The buddha who lived before the present Shakyamuni Buddha. The third buddha of our present era.
more info
Kawa Paltsek
Kawa Paltsek


A translator, he translated numerous texts from Sanskrit into Tibetan at Samye during the reign of King Trisong Detsen, and became the principal translator at Samye. He was a disciple of Padmasambhava and Shantarakshita. more info
Kharchungrepa
Kharchungrepa


A disciple of Milarepa more info
Konchok Gyalpo
Konchok Gyalpo


(1034-1102) Founder of the Sakya school, one of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism. more info
Kumarajiva
Kumarajiva


A great translator from Kotan. He was proficient in Tibetan as well Chinese. He translated several Prajnaparamita Sutras, Stainless Wisdom Sutra, White Lotus Sutra and the Fundamental Middle Way by Nagarjuna and Four Hundred Verses by Aryadeva. more info
Kunzang Palden (Khenpo Kunpal)
Kunzang Palden (Khenpo Kunpal)


(1870-1940) A Nyingma master from eastern Tibet, he was a disciple both of Patrul Rinpoche and Mipham Rinpoche. Also known by the name of Khenpo Kunpel. His most famous text is a commentary on Shantideva's Bodhicharyavatara. more info
Kye'u Lama
Kye'u Lama


During the time of Buddha Kshyapa Buddha Shakyamuni was born as the Brahmin Kye'u Lama (khye'u bla ma). At the time Buddha Kashyapa ordained Kye'u Lama, he prophesied that when the lifespan of humans living in this world would become one hundred years, Kye'u Lama would be reborn as the one called "Buddha shakyamuni." more info
Atisha
Langri Thangpa


(1054-1123) A prominent monk of the Kadampa school. He was so called because he founded the Langri Thangpa monastery, situated to the northeast of Lhasa. He is the author of the famous Kadampa text: "Eight Verses for Training the Mind (blo sbyong tshigs brgyad ma). more info
Laughing Vajra
Laughing Vajra


An epithet for Milarepa more info
Lingrepa
Lingrepa


A master belonging to the Drugpa school. more info
Loden Sherap
Loden Sherap


A disciple of Atisha. more info
Lodro Rinchen Senge
Lodro Rinchen Senge


Founder of the  Chepa college (byes grva tshang) at the Gelugpa Sera Monastery. He had Hayagriva as his tutelary deity. more info
Longchen Rabjam
Longchen Rabjam


(1308-1363) Or Kun mKhyen kLong Chen, the omniscient Longchen. A Nyingma master and visionary. His most famous treatises are: Seven Treatises (klong chen mdzod bdun), Triple Relaxation (ngal gso skor gsum) and the Triple Self Liberation (rang grol skor gsum). more info
Marpa
Marpa, Marpa Lotsawa, Marpa the Translator


(1012 - 1097 C.E.) Marpa was born in Lhodak (Lho brag), Southern Tibet, and from an early age was known for his remarkable strength and power. Considered to be the reicarnation of Dombi Heruka, an Indian mahasiddha. He studied under Drokmi Lotsawa ('brog mi lotsawa shakya ye shes), the Translator for fifteen years, and became a master not only in the Tibetan language but in Sanskrit as well. more info
Milarepa
Milarepa


This famous yogi (1040 -1143) is one of the greatest and most celebrated teachers in Tibetan Buddhism. Despite having accumulated heavy negative karma in his early adulthood, he became the student of Marpa and attained full awakening in one lifetime. more info
Montsepa Kunga Palden
Montsepa Kunga Palden


(1408-1475?) He wrote a Tilopa's biography (ti lo shes rab bzng po'i rnam thar) more info
Nagarjuna
Nagarjuna


A leading Buddhist philosopher in the interpretation of shunyata, the founder of the Madhyamaka school, and the author of The Fundamental Treatise of the Middle Way. Lived in India in the late second century CE.
more info
Naropa
Naropa

The great Indian Pandita and mahasiddha (956-1050 or 1012-1100), who underwent severe austerities under his guru Tilopa and later achieved the state of Vajradhara. His principal disciple was Marpa, See also Six Dharmas of Naropa.

http://www.kagyu.org/kagyulineage/lineage/kag03.php
more info
Ngog Legpe Sherap
Ngog Legpe Sherap


A disciple of Atisha,and who built Sangphu (gsang phu sne thong) Monastery in central Tibet. more info
Padampa Sangye
Padampa Sangye


Indian Tantic master who founded the Zhiche (zhi byed) school. This school has completely disappeared, though the practice of Cho (gcod), initiated by Machig Lapdron (ma cig lab sgron ma) has survived in the other lineages. more info
Padmasambhava
Padmasambhava


Literally, the "lotus-born" buddha of Uddiyana who brought the vajrayana teachings to Tibet in the ninth century CE. He subdued the negative forces of Tibet, founded the Nyingma school, and concealed Dharmic treasures (terma) for the benefit of future generations. When the time is ripe, these teachings are discovered by tertons who properly reveal them to others. Padmasambhava's pure land is called "Copper Coloured Mountain." more info
Phuchungwa
Phuchungwa


One of the "three brothers," spiritual sons of Kadampa master Dromtonpa. more info
Rangjung Dorje
Rangjung Dorje


The Third Karmapa (1284-1339), renowned for his texts used extensively in the Kagyu lineage, among which are The Aspiration Prayer of Mahamudra of Definitive Meaning, The Profound Inner Meaning, and Treatise on Buddha Essence. more info
Rendawa
Rendawa


(1349-1412) A famous Sakya master. His birth place was Renda Khangso, near Sakya, and he was born into the lineage of the famous minister Gar, his father's name was Tashi Gyaltsen (bkra shis rgyal mtsan) and his mother was Wangchuk Kyi (dbang phyug skyid). more info
Repazhiwa'o
Repazhiwa'o


A disciple of Milarepa more info